What are the Different Types of CBD Hemp Oil?
Full Spectrum CBD oil contains the majority of the phytocannabinoids, terpenoids, flavanoids, etc. in the hemp plant. This means it also includes THC, which can be a concern for some people. The “Entourage Effect” has been well established in Full Spectrum CBD, so if a patient is trying to obtain these types of benefits, then full spectrum CBD oil is appropriate. The caveat to Full Spectrum CBD is of course the increased risk of testing positive for THC. Research shows that this type of CBD oil does exert the most benefit, but there are lot of people who are unable to use products containing THC. For the CBD oil to be legal and covered by the Farm Bill, it must have less than 0.3% THC.
Broad Spectrum CBD oil contains the second highest amount of the plant profile and phytocannabinoids, without the inclusion of THC. This type of oil is what medical providers will typically recommend to chronic pain patients, due to the obligation to pain contracts and the potential of concurrent opioid use. If a patient is unable to have THC, I recommend taking this type of CBD product as it still allows for some of the beneficial Entourage Effect. There are some studies in the works looking into the effects of Broad Spectrum products without THC to study their effectiveness.
Isolate CBD contains no other phytocannabinoids, just the CBD. Some companies will use a CBD isolate and then add terpenes or other plant products back into the oil to create a man-made Broad Spectrum product. If a patient were concerned about having any THC this would be the preferred oil. However, this oil will have the lowest rate of effectiveness, though it is usually the cheapest oil due its simple content.